Political disturbances, inflation, terrorism|राजनीतिक अशांति, मुद्रास्फीति, आतंकवाद

Political disturbances When 2023 began

When 2023 began, Mian Shehbaz Sharif’s government in the country was entering its final stages. Almost eight months had passed since he came to power and as soon as another eight months passed, he broke the back of the people of this country through inflation. Shahbaz Sharif also had to take a loan from the IMF and accept their conditions, resulting in 2023 being the worst year for the Pakistani people in terms of inflation and unemployment Political disturbances.

Energy crisis

In 2023, the people of Pakistan once again faced a severe energy crisis. On one hand, oil and gas prices continued to increase, on the other hand, load shedding of both electricity and gas continued. Supply was suspended for several hours in major cities, as a result of which industries did not function properly, which affected exports and despite government announcements, the severity of the economic crisis faced by the country did not decrease. That the situation will improve as soon as possible, but all these promises turned out to be false. In January 2023, it was announced that markets and shops would close at 8:30 p.m., but this did not happen.

On January 23,

On January 23, there was a sudden power outage across the country. Almost all the cities and towns lost electricity due to the fault in the national power grid. Along with this, the problem of revolving credit in the energy sector continued for years. The main source of revolving credit is IPPs i.e. private power plants seeking to recover their dues from the government.

contractual but unequal,

These obligations are mostly contractual but unequal, as when contracting these private entities seek compensation from the government according to their means, whether the electricity is consumed or not. Interest is also on the rise, leading to ever-increasing cyclical debt and expensive electricity supply in the country as the burden of these debts is passed on to the public, and will continue till 2023.

Political disturbances Promises to help flood

Promises to help flood victims could not be fulfilled. As 2023 began, dozens of districts in Sindh and Balochistan were badly affected by the effects of last year’s devastating floods. Millions of people were displaced in these districts. Schools, colleges, hospitals, pharmacies have been washed away and the government is only running on promises. In January 2023, the Government of Pakistan and the United Nations jointly organized a one-day international conference in Geneva, Switzerland, to seek international assistance for flood victims.

Political disturbances In this meeting,

Political disturbances In this meeting,

In this meeting, announcements were made that foreign countries and organizations have agreed to give assistance of up to ten billion dollars to Pakistan. Apparently, this conference was said to be very successful, but by the end of 2023, the government of Pakistan could not get even half of these ten billion dollars, and even if the funds came, transparency was taken into account, but it did not happen. How much money did you get from the federal government? kept, how many provinces and how many districts were transferred.

Political disturbances This centralized decision-

This centralized decision-making and efforts to control everything from above did not do enough to rehabilitate the flood victims, nor to restore employment and build houses, nor to provide health and education facilities. . What is solid work? . Dissolution of the Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly In January 2023, Imran Khan dissolved the Punjab Assembly through Punjab Chief Minister Pervaiz Elahi. However, eight months were left before the constitutional term of this assembly was completed.

Political disturbances Pakistan and its people

Last year was very bad for Pakistan and its people, uncertainty and instability affected every sphere of life.
Five days later, the same was done in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, leaving about seven and a half months before Imran Khan dissolved the KP Assembly through Chief Minister Mehmood Khan. In fact, since the beginning of 2023, Imran Khan seemed keen to create serious problems and force the then government to hold elections as soon as possible.

Tehreek-e-Insaaf

In this problem of Imran Khan, other leaders and workers of Tehreek-e-Insaaf also got confused and they had to bear the consequences of their wrong assumptions. They will force the government to hold elections immediately, but even the judiciary could not do so because the new army chief and his establishment, as well as the Election Commission itself, are unwilling to hold elections due to threats. Tehreek-e-Insaf was, then the central government was also going to end in August 2023, so elections could not be held at the end of 2023.

Municipal elections in Sindh

By the beginning of 2023, the Sindh government had used all means to avoid holding local elections and complete the second phase of the electoral process in January 2023 in sixteen districts of Sindh, including Karachi and Hyderabad. I had to conduct local elections. But after that the election of a new mayor was avoided especially in Karachi.

Jamaat-e-Islami

The People’s Party was successful in these Sindh elections, but especially in Karachi and Hyderabad, Muttahida Qaumi Movement and Jamaat-e-Islami made a lot of noise that these elections were rigged, but in the eyes of the Election Commission, these elections were rigged. . . fair. and transparent. Finally, Murtaza Wahab of People’s Party was elected as the mayor of Karachi, on which the opposition party expressed great anger and termed this election as the result of rigging. However, by the end of 2023, Murtaza Wahab was in his seat.

 

Caretaker governments in Punjab and KPK.

When Tehreek-e-Insaaf defeated their own governments in these two provinces, the logical conclusion was that caretaker governments were formed in accordance with the constitution. On January 21, Muhammad Azam Khan took oath as caretaker chief minister in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the next day Mohsin Raza Naqvi took over as caretaker chief minister in Punjab. Azam Khan was ninety years old and belonged to the bureaucracy. He was the Chief Secretary of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Chief Minister

His relatives were in different political parties but he remained the caretaker Chief Minister till November 2023 after completing his constitutional term and then died. Earlier, he was also the Home Minister in caretaker Prime Minister Naseer Malik’s government in 2018. Punjab Chief Minister Mohsin Naqvi is forty-five years old, which means he was younger than Azam Khan. He managed Punjab well. And now he is about forty-five years old. Having completed one year of his supervision, he is perhaps the longest serving minister of Punjab. will be high.

Tehreek-e-Insaf’s jail-filling movement.

When Tehreek-e-Insaf faced failure after ending the independent government of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it did not understand what to do now. In the midst of strange anxiety, he announced the Jail Bharu movement and began to understand that now the Shahbaz Sharif government will be forced to hold elections. The movement, which started in February 2023, announced a protest against the violation of fundamental rights and economic depression. This movement was started from Lahore and it was said that the movement will remain peaceful and will not take the path of violence.

Tehreek-e-Insaf also claimed

He also opposed the “bogus cases” against his leaders by the National Accountability Bureau. In the eyes of Tehreek-e-Insaaf, all their leaders were innocent who were being implicated in false cases. Tehreek-e-Insaf also claimed that its leaders were being arrested and tortured and restrictions were being imposed on the media. The Jail Bharu movement advocated free arrests, but few followed through and it soon became clear that the movement was headed for failure. Apart from Lahore, some people gave arrests in Peshawar, Multan, Rawalpindi and Faisalabad, but then the movement died down.

 

The events of the ninth of May

On May 9, 2023, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan was arrested for the first time. He was arrested by the National Accountability Bureau on charges of corruption in the Al-Qadir Trust case. Along with this arrest, Imran Khan ordered Tehreek-e-Insaf to protest on a large scale. It should be remembered that before this Imran Khan has been receiving privileges from various courts for several months and either did not appear in the court or created such situations that he could not be arrested.

Political disturbances A day before this arrest

A day before this arrest, the army had clarified through the ISPR that all the allegations Imran Khan is making against the ISI are false and there is no conspiracy to kill Imran Khan and not before. Such was the plan. No attempt was made. After the arrest, Tehreek-e-Insaf supporters started rioting in Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar. Attempts to block the route caused damage to property.

Political disturbances Pakistan in Peshawar.

A fire broke out in the building of Radio Pakistan in Peshawar. Military installations were targeted, thus thwarting a coup attempt in the country. It was certainly one of the darkest days in the history of Pakistan, which resulted in attempts to disrupt the country.

Dissolution of the National Assembly

Dissolution of the National Assembly

After completing his constitutional term in August 2023, on the request of Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif, President Arif Alvi dissolved the National Assembly and in the next two days, the assemblies of Sindh and Balochistan were also dissolved. On August 12, Anwar-ul-Haq Kakar was sworn in as caretaker prime minister and within a week, Maqbool Baqir in Sindh and Ali Mardan Domki in Balochistan took over as caretaker chief ministers.

National Assembly,

After the dissolution of the National Assembly, it was constitutionally bound to hold elections within three months, but since this tradition was broken due to the haste of the Tehreek-e-Insaaf in Punjab and KP, this constitutional obligation could not be fulfilled. the center Probably . It can also lead to elections. The commission also gave various reasons for the delay. Finally, with the intervention of Chief Justice Qazi Faiz Isa, the Election Commission had to announce the date and procedure of the election. Despite all the evidence, it now looks like the elections will be held in February.

Political disturbances State of Terrorism in 2023

Terrorism has once again reared its head and there have been hundreds of incidents across the country in which terrorists have targeted law enforcement agencies and civilians alike. According to news reports published in newspapers till December 15, there were about 750 incidents of terrorism or operations against terrorists across the country. A total of around 1500 people lost their lives in these operations, most of them in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Political disturbances lives in KP and 390

950 people lost their lives in KP and 390 in Balochistan. Around two hundred attacks and retaliatory actions took place in Balochistan, while around four hundred attacks and retaliatory actions were carried out in KP. According to reports till December 15, there have been one death in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, about four hundred in Balochistan, about twenty in Gilgit-Baltistan and about four and a half hundred in KP. There were fifty-five and sixty-five.

Political disturbances thing was that in 2023

The saddest thing was that in 2023, the number of security and civilian victims of terrorism was nine and a half while more than five hundred terrorists were killed. In 2023, Baloch insurgents and jihadists remained active and claimed responsibility for more than ninety attacks. Thirty attacks were claimed by Baloch insurgents led by the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA), which claimed responsibility for 20, while the rest were claimed by the BLF and BLT. . Organizations such as Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility for about fifty attacks. While a relatively new organization Tehreek Jihad Pakistan (TJP) carried out six attacks. Daesh or the Islamic State (IS) has also claimed responsibility for these five attacks.

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